This cross-sectional analysis uses NHANES data to investigate the association of stimulant use with bone mass in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
This multicenter cohort study assesses platelet perfusion practices and the risk for intraventricular hemorrhage in a population of very-low-birth-weight infants in 6 neonatal intensive care units.
This cohort study investigates whether children carrying the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene living under adverse economic conditions have different fat intakes than those living in a healthy environment.
This cohort study reports that postnatal cytomegalovirus infection was associated with increased risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in very low-birth-weight infants.
This study of a large, nationally representative cohort of infants discharged between 1997 and 2012 from neonatal intensive care units compares demographics and mortality of infants having invasive methicillin-resistant S aureus and methicillin-susceptible S aureus.
This review finds that understanding of the pathophysiological features of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is improving. Treatment with hypothermia has become the foundation of therapy.
Follow-up results of a randomized clinical trial show that the differences in cortisol production between at-risk children who received an active parenting intervention and those who did not were maintained 3 months following intervention. The active parenting intervention may have long-lasting effects on a physiological stress system critical for health and adjustment.
Andersson et al investigate effects of delayed umbilical cord clamping, as compared with early cord clamping, on infant iron status and neurodevelopment at age 12 months in a European setting.
In a literature review, Rosen discusses the latest controversies in the diagnosis and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux in infants.