This cohort study aims to determine whether maternal consumption of artificially sweetened beverages during pregnancy is associated with infant body mass index.
This cohort study seeks to determine the types and frequency of rice and rice-containing products consumed by infants in the first year of life and the association with arsenic biomarker concentrations.
This review investigates current literature for treatment recommendations for cardiometabolic risk factors associated with polycystic ovary syndrome and finds potential for metformin and estrogen-progestin dual therapy, although longitudinal studies are warranted to determine its long-term effect on cardiovascular health.
A 5-year-old boy with global developmental delay presented with a 3-day history of vomiting, diarrhea, and refusing to bear weight. His parents said that he is a “picky eater,” with a diet consisting exclusively of orange soda, meat, and chili. What is your diagnosis?
This longitudinal study examines the impact of the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act on the nutritional quality of meals selected by students and school lunch participation rates.
This randomized clinical trial reports that behavioral and nutritional treatment may be efficacious as a nutritional intervention for children aged 2 to 6 years with cystic fibrosis and pancreatic insufficiency. Sockrider provides a related editorial.
This cross-sectional study found population-level improvements in the prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity among fifth-grade students in California that coincided with the period following statewide competitive food and beverage standards implementation (2005-2010).
This quasi-experimental study found that a Breakfast in the Classroom program can increase school breakfast participation and has the potential to improve school attendance rates.
This cross-sectional study of middle school and high school students and administrators suggests that full implementation of the US Department of Agriculture school meal and competitive venue standards can improve school nutritional environments.
This cohort study examines the effect of high-dosage folic acid supplements during pregnancy on psychomotor development in children after the first year of life.
Santos et al assessed the effectiveness of a peer-led healthy living program called Healthy Buddies on weight gain and its determinants when disseminated at the provincial level to elementary school students.
Frazier et al examine the association between peripregnancy consumption of peanuts or tree nuts by mothers and the risk of peanut or tree nut allergy in their offspring. Gupta provides commentary in a related editorial.
Frederiksen and colleagues examined the associations between perinatal and infant exposures, especially early infant diet, and the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).
Ho et al compare the effects of diet-only intervention with those of diet plus exercise or exercise only on weight loss and metabolic risk reduction in overweight children. In a related editorial, Crume and Harrod provide commentary.
Berge et al examine the associations between parent conversations about healthful eating and weight and adolescent disordered eating behaviors.