This prospective cohort study reports that increasing body mass index and male sex increase relative risk of specific cardiovascular disease risk factors and suggests that even among severely obese adolescents, recognition and treatment of cardiovascular disease risk factors is important to help limit further progression of disease.
This retrospective observational study reports that the risk for incident type 2 diabetes mellitus was increased among youths initiating second-generation antipsychotics and was highest in those concomitantly using antidepressants.
Virtanen et al investigate whether animal contact and other microbial exposures during infancy are associated with the development of preclinical and clinical type 1 diabetes mellitus.
McDonagh and colleagues evaluated the effectiveness and safety of metformin for treating obesity in children aged 18 years or younger without a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.
Frederiksen and colleagues examined the associations between perinatal and infant exposures, especially early infant diet, and the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).