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  • Association Between Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs and Suicidal Behavior Among Adolescents

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(10):971-978. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1802

    This cohort study investigates associations between nonmedical use of opioids, sedatives, or stimulants, and suicidal ideation and attempts among Chinese adolescents.

  • The Costs and Cost-effectiveness of Collaborative Care for Adolescents With Depression in Primary Care Settings: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1721

    This randomized clinical trial evaluates the costs and cost-effectiveness of collaborative care vs usual care for treatment of adolescent major depressive disorder in primary care settings.

  • Evolution of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Parents of Very Preterm Infants During the Newborn Period

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(9):863-870. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0810

    This cohort study describes the rates of depression and anxiety among parents of very preterm infants in the first 12 weeks of life, and compares rates at 6 months with those of parents of healthy full-term infants.

  • Usual Care for Adolescent Depression From Symptom Identification Through Treatment Initiation

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(4):373-380. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4158

    This study of medical records evaluates the appropriateness of follow-up care for adolescents with newly identified depression symptoms in 3 large health systems.

  • Antidepressant Use During Pregnancy and the Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2016; 170(2):117-124. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3356

    This population-based study examines the association between maternal use of antidepressants, specifically selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, during the second and/or third trimester and the risk of autism spectrum disorder in children.

  • Sexual Assault and Rape Among College Students

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(12):1184-1184. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2152
  • Effect of Early Adversity and Childhood Internalizing Symptoms on Brain Structure in Young Men

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(10):938-946. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1486

    This cohort study evaluates the effects of early childhood adversity on gray matter volume in young men.

  • Exploitation, Violence, and Suicide Risk Among Child and Adolescent Survivors of Human Trafficking in the Greater Mekong Subregion

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2015; 169(9):e152278. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2278

    This cross-sectional study reports that children and adolescents in posttrafficking care showed high symptom levels of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder, which are strongly associated with self-harm or suicidal behaviors.

  • Exercise and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents: A Longitudinal Cohort Study

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2014; 168(12):1093-1100. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1794

    This longitudinal study found no association between objectively measured physical activity and the development of depressive symptoms.

  • Collaborative Care Intervention Targeting Violence Risk Behaviors, Substance Use, and Posttraumatic Stress and Depressive Symptoms in Injured Adolescents: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2014; 168(6):532-539. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.4784

    Zatzick et al test the effectiveness of a stepped collaborative care intervention targeting risk behaviors and symptoms in hospitalized adolescents with and without traumatic brain injury.

  • Improving Maternal Mental Health After a Child’s Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder: Results From a Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2014; 168(1):40-46. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.3445

    Feinberg et al investigate whether a brief cognitive behavioral intervention decreases parenting stress and maternal depressive symptoms during the period immediately following a child’s diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder.

  • Prospective Associations of Concerns About Physique and the Development of Obesity, Binge Drinking, and Drug Use Among Adolescent Boys and Young Adult Men

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2014; 168(1):34-39. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.2915

    Field et al investigate whether males with psychiatric symptoms related to eating and concern with physique are more likely to become obese, to start using drugs, to consume alcohol frequently, or to develop high levels of depressive symptoms.

  • Maternal Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression in Pediatric Primary Care: Association With Child Maltreatment and Frequency of Child Exposure to Traumatic Events

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2013; 167(11):1011-1018. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.2218

    Chemtob et al examine the association of maternal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression with child maltreatment and child exposure to traumatic events in the context of a pediatric primary care setting.

  • Preventing Depression in Adolescents: Time for a New Approach?

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2013; 167(11):994-995. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.2862
  • School Intervention to Improve Mental Health of Students in Santiago, Chile: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2013; 167(11):1004-1010. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.2361

    Araya et al conduct a school-based, universal psychological intervention to evaluate its effectiveness in reduction of depressive symptoms in adolescents from low-income families. See also the editorial by Merry.

  • Associations of Early Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Parental Depression With Subsequent Mental Health Outcomes

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2013; 167(4):341-347. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.780
    Bauer et al examine the association between parent reports of intimate partner violence (IPV) and depressive symptoms within the first 3 years of a child's life with subsequent mental health conditions and psychotropic drug treatment.
  • Longitudinal Associations Between Binge Eating and Overeating and Adverse Outcomes Among Adolescents and Young Adults: Does Loss of Control Matter?

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2013; 167(2):149-155. doi: 10.1001/2013.jamapediatrics.12
    In a prospective cohort study, Sonneville et al investigate the association between overeating (without loss of control) and binge eating (overeating with loss of control) and adverse outcomes.
  • Providing Depression Care in the Medical Home: What Can We Learn From Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder?

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    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012; 166(7):672-673. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.1565
  • Incidence of Maternal and Paternal Depression in Primary Care: A Cohort Study Using a Primary Care Database

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    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010; 164(11):1038-1044. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.184

    To examine incidence, trends, and correlates of parental depression in primary care from 0 to 12 years of child age.


    Prospective cohort study.


    Primary care records from more than 350 general practices in The Health Improvement Network database from 1993 to 2007.


    A total of 86 957 mother, father, and child triads identified in The Health Improvement Network database by linking mothers and babies and then identifying an adult household man. Depressed parents were identified using Read code entries for depression and antidepressant prescriptions.

    Main Exposures

    Child age, parental age at the birth, and area deprivation quintile.

    Main Outcome Measures

    Incidence rates for maternal and paternal episodes of depression.


    Overall incidences of depression from the birth of the child up to age 12 years were 7.53 per 100 person-years for mothers and 2.69 per 100 person-years for fathers. Depression was highest in the first year post partum (13.93 and 3.56 per 100 person-years among mothers and fathers, respectively). By 12 years of child age, 39% of mothers and 21% of fathers had experienced an episode of depression. A history of depression, lower parental age at the birth of the child, and higher social deprivation were associated with a higher incidence of parental depression.


    Parents are at highest risk for depression in the first year after the birth of their child. Parents with a history of depression, younger parents, and those from deprived areas are particularly vulnerable to depression. There is a need for appropriate recognition and management of parental depression in primary care.

  • Challenges to Identifying Depression in Men and Women Who Are Parents

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    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010; 164(11):1069-1070. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.207