Using Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013 study data, the GBD Pediatrics Collaboration investigators determine levels and trends in the fatal and nonfatal burden of diseases and injuries among children and adolescents in 188 countries from 1990 to 2013.
This Viewpoint describes how the diagnostic term Sudden Infant Death Syndrome has fallen out of favor.
This observational cohort study in a level III neonatal intensive care unit assesses the effects of early enhanced parenteral nutrition and early hyperglycemia on mortality among extremely low-birth-weight infants.
This observational cohort study compares rates of neonatal morbidities and 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants exposed to partial or complete courses of antenatal steroids vs those exposed to no antenatal steroids.
This medical record review determines the rate of successful neonatal organ donation after determination of circulatory death and finds that the most common reason for exclusion among a population of infants who died in a single neonatal intensive care unit is late referral.
This cohort study assesses the association of a birth hospital’s annual volume of very low-birth-weight infant deliveries and neonatal intensive care unit level with the risk of several neonatal morbidities and morbidity-mortality composite outcomes that may be predictive of future neurocognitive development.
This cohort study examines if use of antenatal corticosteroids is associated with improvement in major outcomes in extremely preterm multiples.
Tolia and colleagues estimate the association between vitamin A supplementation and death or chronic lung disease in the context of the recent vitamin A shortage. See also the Editorial by Laughon.
This systematic review found that although the intubate-surfactant-extubate approach is not superior to noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in preventing chronic lung disease, it does not increase chronic lung disease, death, or air leakage.
This cohort study reports that postnatal cytomegalovirus infection was associated with increased risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in very low-birth-weight infants.
This study of a large, nationally representative cohort of infants discharged between 1997 and 2012 from neonatal intensive care units compares demographics and mortality of infants having invasive methicillin-resistant S aureus and methicillin-susceptible S aureus.
This population epidemiology study describes the incidence and clinical characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in children in Australia and New Zealand between 2007 and 2012.
This cohort study investigates associations between nonmedical use of opioids, sedatives, or stimulants, and suicidal ideation and attempts among Chinese adolescents.
This meta-analysis systematically reviews evidence evaluating the effect of restricted vs liberal oxygen exposure on morbidity and mortality in extremely preterm infants and concludes that, although infants cared for with a liberal oxygen target had significantly lower mortality before hospital discharge than infants cared for with a restricted oxygen target, the quality of evidence for this estimate of effect is low.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of late surfactant administration in infants with prolonged respiratory distress.