Indrio et al investigate whether oral supplementation with Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 during the first 3 months of life can reduce the onset of colic, gastroesophageal reflux, and constipation in term newborns and thereby reduce the socioeconomic impact of these conditions.
This review examines the pathogenesis, epidemiologic features, diagnosis, and management of inflammatory bowel disease in children and adolescents.
Guandalini and Assiri review how celiac disease is triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. Diagnosis requires an intestinal biopsy, and a strict gluten-free diet must be followed.
This longitudinal retrospective study reports that acceptable screening accuracy can be achieved for celiac disease via the use of several growth monitoring parameters in combination, preferably using computerized screening algorithms integrated into an electronic health record system.
In a 6-year (2006-2012) prospective cohort study, Cristofori and coauthors assess the prevalence of celiac disease among children with abdominal pain–related functional gastrointestinal disorders classified according to the Rome criteria. See editorial by Squires et al.
Flaherty and colleagues conducted a prospective analysis of the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect data to examine the relationship between previous adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and somatic concerns and health problems in early adolescence, as well as the role of the timing of adverse exposures.