This cohort study assesses long-term kidney outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery and explores whether perioperative acute kidney injury is associated with worse long-term kidney outcomes.
This prospective cohort study of ICUs determines if defining clinical acute kidney injury (AKI) by cystatin C vs serum creatinine increases altered associations with biomarkers and outcomes in 287 patients without preoperative AKI or ESRD undergoing cardiac surgery.
This cohort study examines associations between bariatric surgery and functional mobility and musculoskeletal pain in adolescents up to 2 years after bariatric surgery for severe obesity.
This study assesses national variability and appropriateness of antibiotic prophylaxis among US pediatric surgical patients.
This randomized trial tests the effectiveness of an app that shows clown physicians giving a comical and informative tour of the operating room, for reducing preoperative anxiety in children.
This literature review examines adenotonsillectomy in children, including the indications, contraindications, perioperative issues, and current controversies.
This randomized clinical trial aims to determine whether providing donor milk instead of formula as supplemental feeding whenever own mother’s milk is insufficiently available during the first 10 days of life reduces the incidence of serious infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, and mortality.
This study of a large, nationally representative cohort of infants discharged between 1997 and 2012 from neonatal intensive care units compares demographics and mortality of infants having invasive methicillin-resistant S aureus and methicillin-susceptible S aureus.
This review article evaluates current evidence on conservative, pharmacological, and mechanical (surgical or nonsurgical ligation) approaches to patent ductus arteriosus closure in preterm neonates.