This cohort study evaluates the trend of antibiotic use in very low-birth-weight infants across Canada and the association between antibiotic use rates and mortality and morbidity among neonates without culture-proven sepsis or necrotizing enterocolitis.
This study applied the Tuscon Children’s Respiratory Study wheeze phenotypes to the high-risk Canadian Asthma Primary Prevention Study cohort and evaluated associations with pulmonary function, asthma, and allergic disease in adolescence.
This Viewpoint discusses the publication of the Council of Canadian Academies report “Improving Medicines for Children in Canada.”
This retrospective cohort study reports that in very preterm neonates, early (prophylactic) caffeine use was associated with a reduction in the rate of death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia and patent ductus arteriosus. No adverse impact on any other outcomes was observed.