This observational cohort study compares rates of neonatal morbidities and 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants exposed to partial or complete courses of antenatal steroids vs those exposed to no antenatal steroids.
This study reports on the secular trends of breastfeeding initiation and duration by birth weight using nationally representative data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
This cohort study investigates whether children carrying the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene living under adverse economic conditions have different fat intakes than those living in a healthy environment.
This systematic review summarizes prognostic factors for poor cognitive development in children born very preterm or with very low birth weight.
This cohort study of extremely low-birth-weight infants reports that longer mechanical ventilation accounts for the increased risk of chronic respiratory morbidity associated with mechanical ventilation reinitiation.
This epidemiologic time-trend analysis reports that neonatal intensive care unit admission rates increased for all birth weight categories during 2007-2012.
This cohort study compares birth weight distributions of the INTERGROWTH-21st international standard with commonly used US references.
This cross-sectional study examines newborn size by gestational age to investigate similarities and differences in risk factors for stunting and wasting.
This Vermont Oxford Network study describes a new web-based tool for neonatal intensive care units to calculate composite morbidity and resource use.
This study reports that increases in the cigarette tax contribute to improving health outcomes related to smoking among the highest risk mothers and infants. Considering that US states increase cigarette taxes for reasons other than to improve birth outcomes, these findings are welcome by-products of state policies.
Gulati et al estimate the effect of birth weight and gestational age on the likelihood of premature infants developing strabismus.
Based on the UK Gemini population-based twin cohort, van Jaarsveld et al test the hypothesis that sibling differences in infant appetite predicted differential weight gain during childhood. Growth trajectories were analyzed from birth to age 15 months. Appetite during the first 3 months was assessed with the Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire.