This cohort study aims to determine whether maternal consumption of artificially sweetened beverages during pregnancy is associated with infant body mass index.
This cross-sectional study found population-level improvements in the prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity among fifth-grade students in California that coincided with the period following statewide competitive food and beverage standards implementation (2005-2010).
This observational study showed that school lunches brought from home were of lower nutritional quality than current National School Lunch Program guidelines.
Chriqui et al examine the potential influence that the federal rule may have based on peer-reviewed published studies examining the relationship between state laws and/or school district policies and student body mass index and weight outcomes, consumption, and availability of competitive foods and beverages.
Terry-McElrath et al examine changes over time in school-based commercialism as well as differences by student body racial/ethnic distribution and socioeconomic status. See the editorial by Harris and Fox.
Chriqui and coauthors examine the association between district and state policy and/or law requirements regarding competitive food and beverages and public elementary school availability of foods and beverages high in fats, sugars, and/or sodium.
Fleming-Milici and coauthors quantify the amount of food and beverage advertising viewed by Hispanic youth on Spanish- and English-language television and compare it with the amount of food and beverage advertising viewed by non-Hispanic youth.
To examine the availability of beverages for sale in elementary schools.
Nationally representative mail-back survey.
US public and private elementary schools during the 2006-2007, 2007-2008, and 2008-2009 school years.
Survey respondents at elementary schools.
Availability of beverages offered in competitive venues and school lunches.
Public elementary school students' access to beverages for sale in any competitive venue on campus (vending machines, stores, snack bars, and/or à la carte) increased from 49.0% in 2006-2007 to 61.3% in 2008- 2009 (P < .01). The percentage of public school students with access to only beverages allowed by the Institute of Medicine guidelines for competitive beverages (ie, water, 100% juice, and 1% or nonfat milk) increased from 10.0% to 16.1% (P < .01). Access to higher-fat milk (2% or whole milk) in school lunches decreased from 77.9% of public school students in 2006-2007 to 68.3% in 2008-2009 (P < .001). Flavored milk was available at lunch on most days for 92.1% of public school students.
As of the 2008-2009 school year, high-calorie beverages and beverages not allowed by national guidelines were still widely available in elementary schools.