This study uses the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the prevalence of and trends in dyslipidemia and adverse blood pressure among US children and adolescents.
This Editorial discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement on screening for lipid disorders in children and adolescents.
This longitudinal study evaluates the association of childhood psychosocial factors with adult coronary artery calcification among participants in the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.
This review investigates current literature for treatment recommendations for cardiometabolic risk factors associated with polycystic ovary syndrome and finds potential for metformin and estrogen-progestin dual therapy, although longitudinal studies are warranted to determine its long-term effect on cardiovascular health.
This cross-sectional study evaluates whether obese adolescents with metabolic syndrome have retinal vessel alterations and cerebral white matter microstructural damage.
Shashaj et al assess whether insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities are detectable at the onset of obesity and to unravel the interplay among adiposity, insulin resistance, and other such abnormalities. Patients with new-onset overweight or obesity underwent clinical laboratory testing and ultrasonographic investigations of fatty liver.
Guandalini and Assiri review how celiac disease is triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. Diagnosis requires an intestinal biopsy, and a strict gluten-free diet must be followed.