This prospective study of consent in children determines that competence can be demonstrated in individual cases by the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Clinical Research in those aged 9.6 to 11.2 years.
Pollack et al investigate the relationships between the Functional Status Scale (FSS) and the Pediatric Overall Performance Category and Pediatric Cerebral Performance Category (POPC/PCPC) scales for large-sample studies.
This study examines the long-term functional outcomes of early childhood traumatic brain injury relative to early childhood orthopedic injury as well as the moderating role of the social environment as defined by parent report and observational measures of family functioning, parenting practices, and home environment.
This prospective, cohort study of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 Generic Core Scales demonstrated responsiveness, construct validity, and predictive validity in hospitalized pediatric patients.
This secondary data analysis of the 2013 California Healthy Kids Survey reports that during wartime, military-connected youth are at increased risk for adverse outcomes, such as use of alcohol and other substances of abuse; physical and nonphysical violence and harassment; and weapon carrying, compared with nonmilitary peers.
This prospective, observational study describes musculoskeletal pain, self-reported physical function, and quality of life in adolescents with severe obesity.
This study evaluates ecologic momentary assessment following youth concussion.
This cohort study examines associations between bariatric surgery and functional mobility and musculoskeletal pain in adolescents up to 2 years after bariatric surgery for severe obesity.
This cross-sectional study compares insulin sensitivity, measured with the hyperglycemic clamp technique, in adolescents with sleep deprivation vs those with adequate sleep.
This national cohort study characterizes neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 6.5 years of children who had extreme preterm births (<27 weeks) in Sweden.
This secondary analysis of a trial evaluating the efficacy of strict rest after pediatric concussion characterizes the incidence, course, and clinical significance of activity-related symptom exacerbations within 10 days of injury.
This national assessment of emergency departments (EDs) for pediatric readiness finds that the presence of a pediatric emergency care coordinator improves readiness and compliance with guidelines.
This prospective cohort study reports that increasing body mass index and male sex increase relative risk of specific cardiovascular disease risk factors and suggests that even among severely obese adolescents, recognition and treatment of cardiovascular disease risk factors is important to help limit further progression of disease.
This follow-up of a randomized clinical trial determines that delayed umbilical cord clamping improved scores in the fine-motor and social domains at 4 years of age, especially in boys. See also the Editorial by Rabe.