This diagnostic accuracy study assesses the accuracy of a lung ultrasonography score to monitor lung function and predict the need for surfactant therapy in neonates.
This longitudinal study evaluates the association of childhood psychosocial factors with adult coronary artery calcification among participants in the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.
This randomized trial finds no increase in the survival of extremely preterm infants receiving a less-invasive surfactant application protocol vs continuous positive airway pressure.
This cohort study assesses long-term kidney outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery and explores whether perioperative acute kidney injury is associated with worse long-term kidney outcomes.
This observational study measured hemoglobin saturation in cerebral tissue before, during, and after blood transfusion in a cohort of Ugandan children with severe anemia.
This systematic review found that although the intubate-surfactant-extubate approach is not superior to noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in preventing chronic lung disease, it does not increase chronic lung disease, death, or air leakage.
This observational study investigates the association of intravenous fluid bolus administration with the sonographic measure of the neonatal and infant lumbar subarachnoid space.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of late surfactant administration in infants with prolonged respiratory distress.
Shashaj et al assess whether insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities are detectable at the onset of obesity and to unravel the interplay among adiposity, insulin resistance, and other such abnormalities. Patients with new-onset overweight or obesity underwent clinical laboratory testing and ultrasonographic investigations of fatty liver.
This cohort study examines associations between bariatric surgery and functional mobility and musculoskeletal pain in adolescents up to 2 years after bariatric surgery for severe obesity.