Pappas et al for the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network compare the neonatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes of 3 groups of extremely low-gestational-age infants with increasing exposure to perinatal inflammation.
This Review describes the endocrine effects of inhaled corticosteroids in children and the properties of the various formulations as they relate to these adverse outcomes.
This cohort study examines whether increased growth in infants is associated with the risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes.
Shashaj et al assess whether insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities are detectable at the onset of obesity and to unravel the interplay among adiposity, insulin resistance, and other such abnormalities. Patients with new-onset overweight or obesity underwent clinical laboratory testing and ultrasonographic investigations of fatty liver.
Kaufman and colleagues determine if nonsterile glove use after hand hygiene before all patient and venous catheter contact, compared with hand hygiene alone, prevents late-onset infections in preterm infants. See also the editorial by Coffin.